亚博APP手机版

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中国科幻 悄然长大

2021-11-26 09:43:00

  在北京首钢园第三高炉,红色灯光映衬着炼铁高炉,工业时代的老旧遗产依然锈迹斑驳,经改造后却摇身一变成了充满未来感的发布会现场。近日,以“科学梦想,创造未来”为主题的2020中国科幻大会在首钢园召开。专题论坛、“科幻之夜”、科幻cosplay、科幻艺术展览、国内外科幻影片展映等丰富多彩的特色活动,给公众带来一场场科幻视觉盛宴。

亚博APP手机版  rujin,kehuanchanyezuoweizhishimijixingchanyehexinxingwenyuxiaofeidezhongdianfangxiang,zhujianchengweiquanqiufanweineipojuqianlidexinjingjizengzhangdianzhiyi。zaizhongguo,kehuanyuedu、dianying、youxiyezhengchengweigaozhiliangfazhandexinzengzhangdian。zhongguokehuanzuojia、《santi》zuozheliucixincengshuo:“dangjinzhongguodexiandaihuajinchengzhengkuaisutuijin,yichengweiquanshijiezuiju‘weilaigan’deguojia,zheishizhongguokehuanchengzhangdefeiwoturang。”neime,kehuanchanyejiujingshishenme?zhongguodekehuanchanyefazhanderuhe?weilaishifouhuixingchengquanxinde“zhongguokehuan”?jizheduicijinxinglecaifang。

  kehuanchanyegaosuzengzhang

  haijide2019niannianchushangyingdedianying《liulangdiqiu》ma?zheibukehuandianyingpiaofanggaoda46.88yiyuan,bujinrang2019nianbeichengzuo“zhongguokehuandianyingyuannian”,yeshigengduorenguanzhu、lejiedaokehuanlingyu,bingjiangzhongguodekehuanchanyetuidaoqiansuoweiyoudegaodu。

亚博APP手机版  genjujinnianzhongguokehuandahuishangzuixinfabude《2020zhongguokehuanchanyebaogao》,2019nianzhongguokehuanchanyezongchanzhida658.71yiyuan,jiao2018niande456.35yiyuanzengzhang44.3%,baochigaosuzengzhangtaishi。zheiqizhong,《liulangdiqiu》dereying,gongbukemei。jiyurenmenwuxianxiangxianglidekehuanzuopin,zaizhuanhuachengip(intellectual property,zhishichanquan)hou,dailaidechanyejiazhitongyangchaohuxiangxiang。

  yibanrenwei,kehuanchanyenangkuolezheiyileixingdewenxue、yishu、yingshi、dongman、youxidenggezhongxingshidezaiti,gongzhongrichangjiechudaodekehuanyuedu、kehuandianying、kehuandianshiju、kehuandianziyouxi、kehuanjiaoyujikehuanzhoubiandengdoushuyukehuanchanye。gengguangfanyiyishang,yukehuanxiangguandezhutigongyuanjianshedengkehuanyuletiyanxiaofei,kehuanzuoweichengshiguihuadexingshi、yishushejideliniandeng,yedoushikehuanchanyeguanzhudeneirong。

  《baogao》xianshi,cong2019nianzhongguokehuanchanyedexifenshichanglaikan,kehuanyouxizhanbizuigao。2019nianguochanwangluoyouxigongshenhe1380kuan,qizhongkehuanleixingticaiyouxiyuezhan15%,quannianchanzhitupo430yiyuan。2020nianshangbannian,kehuanyouxichanzhiyitupo220yiyuanrenminbi。shujuxianshi,2020nianhepingjingyingzhiyeliansais1saijiqijian,kuaishouzongguankanrenshuyitupo3000wanrenci。

  zaiwoguokehuanchanyedierdaxifenshichang——kehuanyingshilingyu,2019nianyongxianchuyixiliekehuandapian,kehuandianyingshichangpiaofangda195.11yi,niandupiaofangqianshimingzhongyousanbushikehuanyingpian,《liulangdiqiu》《fengkuangdewaixingren》《shanghaibaolei》《beiguangzhuazouderen》dengyingpiangongxianpiaofang71.41yiyuan,shi2018nianguochankehuandianyingpiaofangde2.12bei。yucitongshi,17bukehuanwangjugongxianchanzhichaoguo20yiyuan。

亚博APP手机版  2019nian,zhongguokehuanyuedushichangzongtichanzhiyuewei20.1yiyuan,tongbizengzhang13%。chuchuantongzhimeitushuzhiwai,shuziyueduheyoushengduwuyezaiwenbuzengzhang。2019nian,kehuanleixingdeshuziyuedushichangguimoyuewei6yiyuan,tongbizengzhang40%;kehuanyoushengyuedushichangguimoyuewei8000wanyuan,tongbizengzhangwei33%。

亚博APP手机版  zaikehuanzhoubianchanpinshichang,toubuxiaoyingkaishituxian。2019nianquanguokehuanzhoubianchanpinpinleizonghechaoguo1000zhong,shichangzongtijiazhiyuewei13.5yiyuan。qizhong《liulangdiqiu》《santi》dengredianipdezhoubianchanpinzai2019niangongxianchanzhi5yiyuan。

亚博APP手机版  zhongguokexiedangzushuji、changwufuzhuxihuaijinpengzhichu:“jinnianlai,yaboappshoujibanxinxidikandao,woguokehuanshiyehechanyedefazhanchengxianpengboshengji,xuduobumenhedifangzhengfuyijishehuigejiejiyugaoduguanzhuhezhichi。kehuandeshehuijigou、chanyejizhizhengzaikuaisuchengzhang,yinglaizhongguokehuanshiyeqiangjingfazhandeshitou。”

  chanyeliantiaozhubuwanshan

亚博APP手机版  “kehuanzhiye”huodongzhong,qianyandeyundongbuzhuohewutaizhuizongjishuzhanshi,yingzaochushenlinqijingdekehuanfenwei;kejichuangxinxinjishuxinchanpinzhanlanshang,gaoduanzhizao、xincailiao、rengongzhineng、xunixianshidengchanyelingyuqianyankejichengguo,rangcanguanzhetiyanweilai“heikeji”;“chenxingbei”bianlunsaishang,kehuanzhutidebiantidailaiguandianjiaofeng……

亚博APP手机版  qishi,《liulangdiqiu》deng“baokuan”chuxianzhihou,ruhewanshanzhongguokehuanchanyedeliantiao,chengweiyeneirenshiguanzhudezhongdianyiti。jinniandezhongguokehuandahuishang,chuleyoujingcaijuelundesixiangpengzhuang、“naodong”dakaidekehuanzhanlan,haifabulexuduocujinzhongguokehuanchanyefazhande“yinghe”cuoshi。

  zhongguokexieyubeijingshizhengfuqiandinglecujinbeijingkehuanchanyefazhanzhanlvehezuoxieyi,zhongguokehuanyanjiuzhongxinyechengliyunying。zhongguokepuyanjiusuosuozhangwangtingjiubiaoshi,zhongguokehuanyanjiuzhongxinjiangxingchengkexuejiachuangxin、kehuanzuojiachuangzuo、chuangyizhechuangzao、qiyejiachuangye、touzijiachuangtoudewanzhengliantiao,chuangzaogenggaosixiangjiazhi、gengduochanyejiazhi。

  shougangyuanquyemiaozhunlekehuanchanyezheikuai“dadangao”,xuanbujiangyigongyeyizhigongyuanweizaiti,jianshezhandi71.7gongqingdekehuanqidongqu。beijingshougangjianshetouziyouxiangongsifuzongjinglifuxiaomingbiaoshi,jinhoujinian,yuanqujiangtongguojiakuaikehuanchanyechuangzuorencaijiju,gaoxinkejizhizuochangjingjitiyanchangjingyingzao,kehuanhuodongjiaoliuyubanquanjiaoyipingtaijianshe,kehuantesezhutijuchangjianshedenggongzuo,dazaojingxi“kehuanzhicheng”。

  shougangyuansuozaidebeijingshijingshanqutongyangfabuzhongbangjucuo,chutai《shijingshancujinkehuanchanyefazhanzhengce》(ji“kehuan16tiao”),jujiaokehuanchanyeguanjianjishu、yuanchuangrencai、changjingjianshesandaguanjianyaosu,shelikehuanchanyezhuanxiangzijin5000wanyuan,congbagefangmianjiyuzhengcezhichi。

  “yaboappshoujibanlizhengyong10nianzuoyoudeshijian,bashougangyuanjianchengyizuokehuanzhicheng,chengweikehuanchanyefazhandezhongyaochengjiedihekehuanchanyechuangxinzhanshizhongyaochuangkou,chengweijuyouquanqiuyingxianglidekehuanchanyeteseyuanqu。”fuxiaomingxiangbenbaotoulu,zi11yue1riqi,tongguo“aishangshougangyuan”weixinxiaochengxu,yijingzhengjidao7gekehuanxiangguanxiangmu。ciwai,yiyoujin50gekehuanxiangguanxiangmulaiwenxunhezuo,qizhongbufenqiyeduiyuanquweilaiyingshizhizuoxiangguanpeitaosheshichangdi、“kehuan16tiao”zhengcejutizhixingdengjiaoweiguanzhu。

亚博APP手机版  jinnianlai,weicujinkehuanchanyefazhan,gefangmianzuochubushaonuli。zi2016nianyilai,zhongguokehuandahuiyichenggongjubanwujie,shoudaoshehuigejietebieshikehuanyejieheguangdakehuanaihaozhedeguangfanguanzhu。2017nian,zhuanmenyikehuanhexiangxianglidetansuoweizhudeyanjiujigou“kexueyurenleixiangxianglizhongxin”zaishenzhennanfangkejidaxuexuanbuchengli,chixuzhuizongzhongguokehuanchanyedefazhanzhuangtai。jinnian7yue23ri,guojiadianyingjuyuzhongguokexiegongtongfabu《guanyucujinkehuandianyingfazhanderuoganyijian》,zheishizhongguoshoucijiukehuandianyingshiyefazhanbanbudezhidaoxingwenjian,jiancheng“kehuanshitiao”,weikehuanchanyezhuruyizhenqiangxinji。

亚博APP手机版  “zhongguokehuanchanyelianzhengzaizhubuwanshan,guoqucunzaiyuwenzizhongdekehuanzhengzaixianggengduoweidutuozhan,yingshi、youxi、wanju、zhoubiandengdoujiangchengweikehuanjingjidedongliheyinqing。”zhiliyutuidongkehuanchanyefazhandekehuanpinpai“weilaishiwuguanliju”chuangshirenjishaotingbiaoshi。

  qidaiyizhong“zhongguokehuan”

  kehuanlaiyuanyukejifazhan,kehuanyinlingkejifazhan,kehuandejiangyuyongyuanmeiyoujintou。yeneirenshipubianrenwei,muqianzhongguokehuanchanyerengchuyuqibufazhanjieduan,suizheweilairenmenshenghuoshuipingdebuduantigao,kehuanjianghuijinyiburongrurenmendeshenghuo,kehuanchanyeyehuiyinglaifazhanjiyu,zhongguokehuanchanyeshichangqianlifazhanjuda。

  shijiehuarenkehuanxiehuimingyuzhuxi、zhongguokepuzuoxiekehuanchuangzuoyanjiujidizhurenwangjinkang,bingchiguoqiangzekehuanqiangdelinian。tarenwei,kehuanyuguojiafazhanyouqishikejifazhanchenghenqiangdezhengxiangguanxing,zhiyoushehuidadaolezugoudefazhanshuiping,youlezugoufenghoudekejiturang,caihuidailaizugoudekehuanduzhehekehuanzuojia,xingchengkehuandegaochao。

  《kehuanshijie》fuzhubianyaohaijunbiaoshi,zhengrumeiguoweilaixuejiaaerwen·tuofulecengshuo,zaikuaisubiangedeshehui,renmenhuizirandibamubiaozhuanxiangweilai。“jiuxiangkaicheyiyang,chesuhenmandeshihou,yaboappshoujibanbuxuyaotaiyankangengyuandedifang,erdangchesuhenkuai,ruguonizhidingzhejiaoxiahuichuwenti,yaboappshoujibanbudebubashuangyantaigaoyixie,kandegengyuanyixie。jintianzhongguozhengchuzaiyigekuaisubiangedeshidai,kexuejishufeisufazhan,jingjishiliyezaibuduantisheng。zheishishidaidebiran,yeshizhongguokehuanzuihexindefazhandongneng。”yaohaijunshuo。

  zaimeiguo,kehuanchuangyichanyeshijinciyuhangkonggongyedemeiguodierdachuanghuichanye。haolaiwukehuandianyingzaiquanqiudechenggong,zhengminglerenmenduikehuandexiai。er“xinkehuanchudongfang”zheigeliuchuanshenguangdeshuofa,zefanyingle《liulangdiqiu》hourenmenduizhongguokehuandehouwang。

  “congticai、fengge、liupailaikan,yaboappshoujibanqidaiyizhong‘zhongguokehuan’。”fudandaxuezhongwenxijiaoshou、kehuanpinglunjiayanfengshuo,butingliuzaimofanggensui,queli“zhongguokehuan”dejiazhiheduchuangxingshifeichangpoqiedewenti。zaitakanlai,xunzhezhongguokexuechuangxin、jishuzhexue、shehuixinlidengdelujing,zhongguokehuanwanquankeyifachuzijideshengyin。

亚博APP手机版  zhongguokepuzuojiaxiehuifulishizhang、nanfangkejidaxuejiaoshouwuyantanyan,zaikehuanzuopinneirongfangmian,zhongguoyushijieshangqitaguojiameiyoudadechayi,tongyangguanzhurengongzhineng、liangzijishu、shengwukejidengxinbianhua,“danyaboappshoujibanxuyaoyixiefeichangyoutesede、nenggoubiaoxianchubutongdezuopin,zheicaishikehuanchuangxindebenzhi”。

  beijinghuagongdaxuetepinjiaoshou、yingguoniujindaxuehuaxueboshidavid g·evans(daiwei)shuo,“kexueshiquanshijiede,kehuanyeyiyang,haodekehuanzuopinkendinghuixiyinwaiguoguanzhong。woxiangxinzhongguokendinghuibaochizijidutedesilu,woduizhongguokehuanzuojiayouxinxin,youzijidutedefangxianghuiyougengdadechenggong。”

亚博APP手机版  “zuoweikehuanchanyedepaitoubing,zhongguokehuandianyingwuyishiweilaishinianshenzhigengzhangshijiannei,tuidongzhongguokehuanchanyefazhandeqiangliyinqing。”dianyingdaoyanzhangxiaobeicongkehuanyingshijiaodu,zhichulezhongguokehuandefazhanqianli。dianyingdaoyanguofanyebiaoshi,zhongguodekehuanturangyoudaigengduodeyinghekehuanzuopinlaipeiyu,yangchengzhongguode“kehuanyujing”,xingchenglianghaoshengtaizhihou,kehuanchanyebijiangfanrong。

laiyuan:renminribaohaiwaiban

bianji:chenxi

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